Much can be said about the Aviation cocktail. First appearing in Hugo Ensslin’s Recipes for Mixed Drinks (1916), This is a drink that has many variations, and is one of the drinks that started the classic cocktail renaissance. The original recipe is similar to the one I have posted below, with one exception. The original drink called for the addition of crème de violette, a violet liqueur that can be difficult to find. Harry Craddock’s Savoy Cocktail Book (1930), omitted the crème de violette, whether on purpose or by accident, and for the most part the drink has been made without it ever since.
The other unique ingredient in the Aviation is Maraschino Liqueur, a bittersweet, clear liqueur flavored with marasca cherries, which are grown in Dalmatia, Croatia, mostly around the city of Zadar and in Torreglia (near Padua in Northern Italy). The liqueur’s distinctive earthy flavor comes from the marasca cherries, and the distillate is allowed to mature for two years in Finnish ashwood vats, and is then diluted and sugared. The two most popular brands are Luxardo and Maraska.
2 1/2 oz Gin
3/4 oz Lemon Juice
2-3 dashes Maraschino Liqueur
Lemon twist garnish